Pet turtles kept in aquariums need land and water to survive. Some species of turtles spend 75% of their lives in the water, so they need enough swimming space to move freely. But sometimes they still need a completely dry place, the so-called "sun zone", to leave the water area and warm the body. Most people do not fully understand the habits and needs of pet turtles, so many aquarium settings are not particularly suitable for them to live.
This article will simply take you through everything you need to know about how to buy turtle tank, including setup, tank equipment, tank size and more ...
Turtle Tank Types and Setup
The water tank is usually the most expensive thing you buy for your turtle. Turtles need space for swimming and sunbathing. So do you know how big a water tank you need? The general rule is that 10 gallons of water is needed per inch of the turtle shell. So a 6-inch adult eastern box turtle needs a 60-gallon water tank.
As for the material of the water tank, whether you want to choose an acrylic or glass tank, it depends on personal preference. Acrylic is lighter than glass water tanks, but it is more expensive and more likely to be scratched by pet turtles' paws.
Most people choose to buy an ordinary tank and then add a sun-dock and light inside.
Turtle Tank Kit Package
If you are looking for the least troublesome starter turtle kit, then you just need to add gravel, water, and heater to complete the settings of your turtle tank after you get it! If you want to make things easier, you can buy a complete kit. But due to the size of the turtle, you will eventually need to upgrade it to accommodate larger size turtles.
The complete kit is equipped with everything you need to build a pet turtle's habitat, including water tanks, filters and filter media, a platform, lights. It will also come with food, an artificial plant and a screen top with a clip to secure it on. You can always replace artificial plants with real plants, such as hornwort or java moss.
Best Aquarium Filter for Turtles
Turtles produce a lot of waste, so you need to use a good quality filter. If you don't invest in a decent filter, your water will get dirty and your turtles will get sick. There are special turtle filters to deal with the large amount of waste produced by turtles. In addition, many larger aquarium filters are good to use as long as they have mechanical, biological, and chemical filtration.
If you choose a fish tank filter, choose a filter that is 2 to 3 times larger than the fish tank. You have a few different options when it comes to selecting filters for your turtle tank. The first is to use a canister filter. Canister filters are external units, and although they are usually the most expensive, they are hidden away and kept out of sight. Choose an external filter that will turn the water at least 5 times per hour, ideally 10 times per hour would be better.
The second option is to use hanging filters, which are relatively cheap and don't take up much space. They are effective, but they need to be placed on a horizontal surface. This is difficult to do in a turtle tank.
The last option is an internal filter or a submersible filter. They are fixed inside the water tank with suction cups. These filters are only suitable for primary turtle tanks. They also don't allow for much space for media so you'll find yourself replacing the media frequently.
Overall, the best choice for filtration is a canister filter.
In the wild, turtles will be exposed to around twelve hours of sunlight per day; they rely on In the wild, turtles will be exposed to about 12 hours of sunlight each day; they rely on ultraviolet light to strengthen the shell and get heat. When in a tank, they will need twelve hours of light per day, but this should not be direct sunlight. Turtles require light for three reasons:
Encourages feeding, breeding and their mood (UVA light)
To strengthen their shell and bone growth (UVB light)
They also need the heat from lights
You have a few choices about lighting, you can choose an all-in-one light bulb combining UVB, UVA, and heat. Or you can choose two different lamps; one for UVB and UVA lamps and the other for heating.
In addition to maintaining the land temperature of the water tank, the water part of the tank also needs to be heated. Some species of turtles spend 75% of their lives in the water. If the water is too cold, they will slow down their metabolism and infections will soon occur. If the water is too hot, it will discourage them from basking and cause them to develop fungi and bacteria. That's why it is important to keep the tank water at the right temperature. The ideal water temperature for most species of turtles is between 72 and 80°F.
You can use ordinary fish tank heaters; full-submersible heaters or under tank heaters. Submersible heaters are usually long cylindrical; they are relatively cheap and very effective. They don't take up much space and are usually the most accurate type of heater. You can also get under gravel/substrate heaters, and whilst they don't take up much space and stay out of sight, they are nowhere near as effective as submersible heaters. The wattage that you will need depends on the size of your tank.
In the sun, turtles climb to a baking dock and then climb out of the water to warm up. The easiest way is to buy a pre-built dock. Some people want to maintain a very natural look, so choose driftwood or half-cut logs as a place to bask in the sun. You can make your own DIY platform using stone, rocks, tiles or acrylic sheets. You'll need to make sure you include a ramp to allow the turtle to climb up onto the platform, and it needs to be large enough for them to move around on.
Are You Ready to Set up a Turtle Tank? Now that you have read through this article, you understand how critical it is to have the correct tank size, proper equipment, and enough time to invest. Once you have all the right equipment, installing a turtle tank is not difficult, but it is important to make sure that all your equipment is suitable for the turtle.
Are you thinking about setting up your indoor turtle tank, or are you planning to change your current tank? If you have any questions, be sure to leave a comment or contact our aquarium expert immediately.