What is an SUV?
Features Of SUV Cars
Most SUVs in the past used a body-on-frame structure, because they were designed based on chassis from light trucks, commercial vehicles, pickup trucks or terrain vehicles.
Unibody SUVs (monocoque frames) remained rare until the 1984 Jeep Cherokee (XJ) was introduced and became a sales success.
Today, most SUVs use the unibody structure and relatively few models continue to use the body-on-frame body structure.
SUVs usually have a two-box design similar to a car. The engine compartment is brought forward, followed by the passenger area and the combined cargo area (unlike a closed convertible, which has a separate trunk / passenger compartment and engine compartment).
Until around 2010 manufacturers started discontinuing 2-door models as 4-door models became more popular.
SUVs often have a high ground clearance and with a tall body, which leads to a higher volume of vehicles, making these SUVs more vulnerable to accidents.
In 2003, SUVs were thought to be 2.5 times more likely to overturn than conventional cars, resulting in internal passenger damage.
However, in the 1990s and early 2000s SUVs became more and more popular in part because buyers realized that SUVs provided greater safety for internal passengers, due to their larger size and vehicle height. increase.
This often increases the damage to another vehicle in a collision with an SUV, because the impact occurs at a higher position on another vehicle.
SUVs often have lower fuel efficiency than smaller cars and thus contribute more to environmental degradation and global warming.
Since 2010, SUVs have contributed the second largest to the increase in global CO2 emissions, second only to the electricity industry.
On average, SUVs consume a quarter more energy than average cars. Moreover, most of these vehicles are not converted to use alternative fuels.
Types of SUVs
The 'crossover SUV' segment (also known as CUV or simply crossover) has become increasingly popular since about 2010.
Crossovers are usually designed based on the shared platform with a car, so they are usually more comfortable and more fuel efficient. But in return, the off-road capability is worse (many crossovers are sold without all-wheel drive).
The term crossover tends to be used for segment C (compact) or smaller, with large unibody vehicles like Audi Q7, BMW X7 and Volkswagen.
Typical cars: Mazda CX-3, Nissan X-Trail compact model, mid-sized Toyota Highlander crossover, Chevrolet Traverse large crossover model.
The smallest SUV is often called a mini SUV.
Typical cars: Daihatsu Rocky, Suzuki Jimny, Renault Captur.
Compact SUV (Compact SUV)
Compact SUV compact sport utility vehicle is the next larger size class after the mini SUV.